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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The phosphofructokinase genes of yeast evolved from two duplication events.

Yeast phosphofructokinase ( PFK) is an octameric enzyme composed of four alpha-subunits and four beta-subunits, encoded by the genes PFK1 and PFK2, respectively. PFK1 was mapped 23 cM distal to ADE3 on chromosome VII, and PFK2 30 cM proximal to RNA1 on chromosome XIII. The entire nucleotide sequences for the two genes were obtained by sequencing both DNA strands. Only one major open reading frame was found for each gene. They encode 987 aa for PFK1 (Mr 107,984) and 959 aa for PFK2 (Mr 104,589). Both genes show a biased codon usage. The deduced amino acid sequences showed: (i) 20% homology between the N- and the C-terminal halves of each subunit, (ii) 55% homology between the two subunits, and (iii) significant homologies to the PFK sequences from human and rabbit muscle (42%), Escherichia coli (34%), and Bacillus (36%). These data support the view that two gene duplication events occurred in the evolution of the yeast PFK genes. The first duplication event took place soon after the separation of prokaryotic and eukaryotic lineage and the second in Saccharomyces later in the phylogeny. Functional domains in the yeast subunits were deduced by comparison to the rabbit muscle enzyme.[1]


  1. The phosphofructokinase genes of yeast evolved from two duplication events. Heinisch, J., Ritzel, R.G., von Borstel, R.C., Aguilera, A., Rodicio, R., Zimmermann, F.K. Gene (1989) [Pubmed]
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