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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The entD gene of the Escherichia coli K12 enterobactin gene cluster.

The Escherichia coli entD gene encodes a product necessary for the synthesis of the iron-chelating and transport molecule enterobactin (Ent); cells harbouring entD mutations fail to grow in iron-deficient environments. For unknown reasons, it has not been possible to identify the entD product. The nucleotide sequence of the entD region has now been determined. An open reading frame extending in the same direction as the adjacent fepA gene and capable of encoding an approximately 24 kDa polypeptide was found; it contained a high percentage of rare codons and two possible translational start sites. Complementation data suggested that EntD proteins truncated at the carboxy terminus retain some activity. Two REP sequences were present upstream of entD and an IS186 sequence was observed downstream. RNA dot-blot hybridizations demonstrated that entD is transcribed from the strand predicted by the sequencing results. An entD-lacZ recombinant plasmid was constructed and shown to express low amounts of a fusion protein of the anticipated size (approximately 125 kDa). The evidence suggests a number of possible explanations for difficulties in detecting the entD product. Sequence data indicate that if entD has its own promoter, it is weak; the REP sequences suggest that entD mRNA may be destabilized; and translation may be slow because of the frequency of rare codons and a possible unusual start codon (UUG). The data are also consistent with previous evidence that the entD product is unstable.[1]


  1. The entD gene of the Escherichia coli K12 enterobactin gene cluster. Coderre, P.E., Earhart, C.F. J. Gen. Microbiol. (1989) [Pubmed]
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