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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Relationship between opioid-receptor occupancy and stimulation of low-Km GTPase in brain membranes.

Treatment of rat brain membranes with the irreversible opioid ligand cis-3-methylfentanylisothiocyanate (Superfit) was used to reduce gradually the number of available binding sites for the delta-selective agonist [3H][D-Ser2,Leu5]enkephalin-Thr6 ([ 3H]DSLET). Subsequently, the correlation between ligand binding and low-Km GTPase was investigated. Alkylation with 10 microM and 25 microM Superfit inactivated 66% and 71% of high-affinity (KD, 1 nM) binding sites without decreasing the affinity of the remaining sites and the stimulation of low-Km GTPase by DSLET. Following exposure of the membranes to 50 microM and 75 microM Superfit, ligand binding was confined to the low-affinity (KD, 20 nM) sites. In these membranes, the delta-agonists DSLET and [D-Pen2,D-Pen5]enkephalin still stimulated low-Km GTPase, and these effects were blocked by ICI 174864 (N,N-diallyl-Tyr-AIB-AIB-Phe-Leu-OH; AIB, alpha-aminoisobutyric acid), a delta-selective antagonist. A similar relationship between low-affinity ligand binding and GTPase stimulation was observed following alkylation of the delta-opioid receptor with the non-selective irreversible antagonist beta-chlornaltrexamine in the presence of protective concentrations of DSLET. The results reveal spare receptor sites in the coupling of the delta-opioid receptor to low-Km GTPase in brain and identify low-affinity ligand binding as a functional component in the process.[1]


  1. Relationship between opioid-receptor occupancy and stimulation of low-Km GTPase in brain membranes. Clark, M.J., Nordby, G.L., Medzihradsky, F. J. Neurochem. (1989) [Pubmed]
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