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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

AVP receptors of mouse Leydig cells are regulated by LH and E2 and influenced by experimental cryptorchidism.

Exposure of pubertal mouse Leydig cells for 24 h to increasing concentrations (1-100 ng/ml) of LH elicited a dose-dependent decrease in AVP receptor content. Maximal reduction (50%) was obtained at a dose of 10 ng/ml LH. A similar treatment applied to adult Leydig cells did not influence AVP receptor density. Treatment of adult Leydig cells for 24 h by E2 (5-500 ng/ml) resulted in a dose-dependent increase in AVP receptor content. About 50% increase was achieved with 500 ng/ml E2. AVP receptor content in pubertal Leydig cells was not modified irrespective of the concentration of E2 tested. These changes in AVP receptor number were well correlated with the response of Leydig cells to AVP (10(-6) M) in terms of testosterone production. 2 weeks bilateral cryptorchidism resulted in reduction of testicular weight, circulating testosterone levels associated with a marked rise in Leydig cell AVP receptor density with no change of affinity. Testosterone production by Leydig cells from cryptorchid testes in response to AVP (10(-6) M) or hCG (100 ng/ml) stimulation was reduced compared to that of control Leydig cells. This study provides new arguments supporting the concept that AVP could be involved in local regulation of testicular steroidogenesis.[1]


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