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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunocytochemical demonstration of S phase cells by anti-bromodeoxyuridine monoclonal antibody in human prostate adenocarcinoma.

Using a monoclonal antibody to bromodeoxyuridine and immunohistochemistry, we measured the incorporation of this thymidine analogue into the deoxyribonucleic acid of human prostate adenocarcinoma cells exposed in situ. Fifteen patients with prostate cancer were given an intravenous infusion of 500 mg. bromodeoxyuridine at needle biopsy to label tumor cells in the deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis phase (S phase). The tumor specimens were fixed with 70 per cent ethanol, embedded in paraffin, sectioned and stained by an indirect immunoperoxidase method using anti-bromodeoxyuridine monoclonal antibody as the first antibody. The results showed that this method demonstrated bromodeoxyuridine-labeled nuclei satisfactorily in tissue section. The bromodeoxyuridine labeling index, S phase fraction, was determined by counting the number of bromodeoxyuridine-labeled cells in the tissue sections. Grade 3 tumors averaged 4.37 +/- 0.48 per cent labeling versus 2.41 +/- 0.49 per cent in grade 2 tumors, and grade 1 tumor in the series had an S phase fraction of 1.36 +/- 0.39 per cent. The average S phase fractions for single gland, cribriform, fused and medullary were 1.16, 2.30, 3.74 and 4.95 per cent, respectively. The results obtained with S phase fraction measured with bromodeoxyuridine labeling proved to be comparable to the results of histological grade and growth pattern. Thus, the higher S phase fraction may indicate biological malignancy. Moreover, the degree of heterogeneity concerning S phase fraction distribution within prostate cancer tissue could be compared to the morphological appearance. Our preliminary results suggest that the measurement of bromodeoxyuridine labeling index in prostate cancer may prove to be a new objective and quantitative assay of biological potential of individual tumor.[1]


  1. Immunocytochemical demonstration of S phase cells by anti-bromodeoxyuridine monoclonal antibody in human prostate adenocarcinoma. Nemoto, R., Uchida, K., Shimazui, T., Hattori, K., Koiso, K., Harada, M. J. Urol. (1989) [Pubmed]
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