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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A randomized trial of cisplatin versus cisplatin plus methotrexate in advanced cancer of the urothelial tract.

One hundred eight patients with recurrent or metastatic transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelial tract were randomized to receive cisplatin (C) 80 mg/m2 on day 1 every 4 weeks, or methotrexate (M) 50 mg/m2 on days 1 and 15 plus C 80 mg/m2 on day 2 every 4 weeks (C + M). Fifty-three eligible patients were randomized to C + M and 55 to C. In the C + M arm, 45% of patients responded (complete response [CR], 9%) and 31% (CR, 9%) in the C arm (P = .18). In the C arm, 20 patients failing or relapsing after C received M. Two patients responded, and four with progressive disease (PD) and one with a previous partial response (PR) showed no change. The median survival was 8.7 months (C + M arm) and 7.2 months (C arm), P = . 7. Relapse-free survival was not significantly different, but C + M was associated with a significantly increased time to disease progression (median, 5.0 months, v 2.8 months for C arm). The response of untreated patients (37%) was not different from those with prior treatment (39%). On the C + M arm, 92% of patients and 96% of patients on the C arm received 85% or more of the scheduled C dose. Significantly more grade 3 or 4 hematological toxicity (27% v 2%; P = .01) and mucositis (20% v 0%; P = .0005) occurred in patients on the C + M arm. Although the initial response rates seen on the combination arm look superior, and the time to disease progression is increased, these effects have not translated into a clinically important increase in the duration of survival and were associated with increased toxicity.[1]


  1. A randomized trial of cisplatin versus cisplatin plus methotrexate in advanced cancer of the urothelial tract. Hillcoat, B.L., Raghavan, D., Matthews, J., Kefford, R., Yuen, K., Woods, R., Olver, I., Bishop, J., Pearson, B., Coorey, G. J. Clin. Oncol. (1989) [Pubmed]
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