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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Control of the expression of c-sis mRNA in human glioblastoma cells by phorbol ester and transforming growth factor beta 1.

The regulation of c-sis oncogene expression in human glioblastoma cell line A172 has been investigated using a sensitive RNA-RNA solution hybridization method. Enhanced expression of c-sis mRNA was induced by phorbol ester (PMA) and diacylglycerol, each of which activates protein kinase C. c-sis mRNA was also induced by transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta). The response to PMA and TGF-beta was transient, and in each case the decrease in c-sis mRNA level following maximum stimulation occurred with a half-life similar to the mRNA half-life previously determined. Cycloheximide had no significant effect on the induction of c-sis mRNA by either PMA or TGF-beta. The increases in c-sis mRNA following addition of either PMA or TGF-beta correlated well with increases in c-sis transcription as observed by the nuclear run-on technique. In cells in which protein kinase C had been down-regulated, there was no inhibition of the c-sis mRNA response to TGF-beta. Furthermore in cells pretreated with TGF-beta, induction by PMA was unaffected. Thus the TGF-beta signal pathway does not involve activation of protein kinase C, and at least two initially distinct intracellular signaling routes lead to activation of c-sis gene expression in this glioblastoma cell line. The protein kinase inhibitor H7 abolished the ability of not only PMA but also of TGF-beta to induce c-sis mRNA. The ability of H7 to inhibit the TGF-beta stimulation suggests that a protein kinase other than protein kinase C is involved in the signal transduction by TGF-beta.[1]


  1. Control of the expression of c-sis mRNA in human glioblastoma cells by phorbol ester and transforming growth factor beta 1. Press, R.D., Misra, A., Gillaspy, G., Samols, D., Goldthwait, D.A. Cancer Res. (1989) [Pubmed]
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