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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Extrarenal renin-secreting tumors: insights into hypertension and ovarian renin production.

Although renin-secreting tumors are rare, they must be considered in the differential diagnosis of hypertension associated with hypokalemia, which occurs commonly in the hypertensive population. The finding of an ovarian renin-secreting tumor emphasizes the potential importance of the ovary as an extrarenal source of renin; the local ovarian renin-angiotensin system may play a key role in reproductive function by regulating vascular reactivity, local blood flow, steroidogenesis and other physiologic effects. In the illustrative case presented, a renin-secreting ovarian leiomyosarcoma was obtained from a women who presented with hypertension and hypokalemia. Plasma prorenin levels were markedly elevated. Tumor excision was quickly followed by a fall in prorenin levels and tumor recurrence was accompanied by an increase in prorenin levels. Active renin concentration in the tumor homogenates was similar to that found in kidney homogenates while the tissue prorenin concentration was approximately 20 times that found in kidney tissue. When cultured for up to 4 weeks, ovarian tumor cells secreted greater than 95% prorenin. Immunoblot analysis demonstrated that tumor renin had a molecular weight of 47,000, similar to that of human recombinant prorenin. Immunohistochemical staining of tumor tissue with antibodies against human renal renin at the electron microscopic level demonstrated the presence of renin primarily in membrane-bound vesicles and rarely in dense-core secretory granules. These findings suggest that prorenin in this ovarian tumor was secreted by the constitutive pathway, which is mediated by these amorphous vesicles.[1]


  1. Extrarenal renin-secreting tumors: insights into hypertension and ovarian renin production. Anderson, P.W., Macaulay, L., Do, Y.S., Sherrod, A., d'Ablaing, G., Koss, M., Shinagawa, T., Tran, B., Montz, F.J., Hsueh, W.A. Medicine (Baltimore) (1989) [Pubmed]
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