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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Effects of iron loading on free radical scavenging enzymes and lipid peroxidation in rat liver.

A comparison of the antioxidant protective system and presence of lipid peroxidation was made between rats iron-loaded by two different mechanisms. Superoxide dismutase activity, glutathione peroxidase activity, and reduced glutathione concentrations, together with malondialdehyde production, were measured in the livers of rats chronically iron-overloaded by (a) parenteral iron (primarily Kupffer cell iron deposition) and (b) dietary carbonyl iron (mainly parenchymal iron deposition). In carbonyl iron-treated rats, hepatic superoxide dismutase activity was significantly decreased, whereas hepatocyte lipid peroxidation, as measured by malondialdehyde levels, was significantly increased when compared with control rats at or above iron concentrations of 100 and 185 mumol/g dry wt, respectively. However, no significant decrease in superoxide dismutase activity or significant increase in malondialdehyde levels was observed in iron dextran-treated rats. Glutathione peroxidase activities and reduced glutathione concentrations in rats, iron-loaded by either method, were not significantly different from those of control animals. These results suggest that the deposition of iron in the reticuloendothelial cells of the liver does not lead to lipid peroxidation; however, iron deposited in the parenchymal cells of the liver may lead to an altered free radical antioxidant protective system, resulting in lipid peroxidation in these cells at a similar level of iron loading. We conclude that the cellular site of iron deposition as well as the hepatic iron concentration is important in determining iron-induced liver injury.[1]

References

  1. Effects of iron loading on free radical scavenging enzymes and lipid peroxidation in rat liver. Fletcher, L.M., Roberts, F.D., Irving, M.G., Powell, L.W., Halliday, J.W. Gastroenterology (1989) [Pubmed]
 
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