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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Fungal cellulase systems. Comparison of the specificities of the cellobiohydrolases isolated from Penicillium pinophilum and Trichoderma reesei.

Reaction patterns for the hydrolysis of chromophoric glycosides from cello-oligosaccharides and lactose by the cellobiohydrolases (CBH I and CBH II) purified from Trichoderma reesei and Penicillium pinophilum were determined. They coincide with those found for the parent unsubstituted sugars. CBH I enzyme from both organisms attacks these substrates in a random manner. Turnover numbers are, however, low and do not increase appreciably as a function of the degree of polymerization of the substrates. The active-site topology of the CBH I from T. reesei was further probed by equilibrium binding experiments with cellobiose, cellotriose, lactose and some of their derivatives. These point to a single interaction site (ABC), spatially restricted as deduced from the apparent independency of the thermodynamic parameters. It appears that the putative subsite A can accommodate a galactopyranosyl or glucopyranosyl group, and subsite B a glucopyranosyl group, whereas in subsite C either a glucopyranosyl or a chromophoric group can be bound, scission occurring between subsites B and C. The apparent kinetic parameters (turnover numbers) for the hydrolysis of cello-oligosaccharides (and their derivatives) by the CBH II type enzyme increase as a function of chain length, indicative of an extended binding site (A-F). Its architecture allows for specific binding of beta-(1----4)-glucopyranosyl groups in subsites A, B and C. Binding of a chromophore in subsite C produces a non-hydrolysable complex. The thermodynamic interaction parameters of some ligands common to both type of enzyme were compared: these substantiate the conclusions reached above.[1]


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