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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nonstructural proteins nsP3 and nsP4 of Ross River and O'Nyong-nyong viruses: sequence and comparison with those of other alphaviruses.

We have sequenced the nsP3 and nsP4 region of two alphaviruses, Ross River virus and O'Nyong-nyong virus, in order to examine these viruses for the presence or absence of an opal termination codon present between nsP3 and nsP4 in many alphaviruses. We found that Ross River virus possesses an in-phase opal termination codon between nsP3 and nsP4, whereas in O'Nyong-nyong virus this termination codon is replaced by an arginine codon. Previous studies have shown that two other alphaviruses, Sindbis virus and Middelburg virus, possess an opal termination codon separating nsP3 and nsP4 [E.G. Strauss, C.M. Rice, and J.H. Strauss (1983), Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 80, 5271-5275], whereas Semliki Forest virus possesses an arginine codon in lieu of the opal codon [K. Takkinen (1986), Nucleic Acids Res. 14, 5667-5682]. Thus, of the five alphaviruses examined to date, three possess the opal codon and two do not. Production of nsP4 requires readthrough of the opal codon in those alphaviruses that possess this termination codon and the function of the termination codon may be to regulate the amount of nsP4 produced. It is an open question then as to whether alphaviruses with no termination codon use other mechanisms to regulate the activity of this gene. The nsP4s of these five alphaviruses are highly conserved, sharing 71-76% amino acid sequence similarity, and all five contain the Gly-Asp-Asp motif found in many RNA virus replicases. The nsP3s are somewhat less conserved, sharing 52-73% amino acid sequence similarity throughout most of the protein, but each possesses a nonconserved C-terminal domain of 134 to 246 amino acids of unknown function.[1]


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