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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of nonessential disulfide bonds and altered conformations in the v-sis protein, a homolog of the B chain of platelet-derived growth factor.

The protein encoded by v-sis, the oncogene of simian sarcoma virus, is homologous to the B chain of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). There are eight conserved Cys residues between PDGF-B and the v-sis protein. Both native PDGF and the v-sis protein occur as disulfide-bonded dimers, probably containing both intramolecular and intermolecular disulfide bonds. Oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis was used to change the Cys codons to Ser codons in the v-sis gene. Four single mutants lacked detectable biological activity, indicating that Cys-127, Cys-160, Cys-171, and Cys-208 are required for formation of a biologically active v-sis protein. The other four single mutants retained biological activity as determined in transformation assays, indicating that Cys-154, Cys-163, Cys-164, and Cys-210 are dispensable for biological activity. Double and triple mutants containing three of these altered sites were constructed, some of which were transforming as well. The v-sis proteins encoded by biologically active mutants displayed significantly reduced levels of dimeric protein compared with the wild-type v-sis protein, which dimerized very efficiently. Furthermore, a mutant with a termination codon at residue 209 exhibited partial transforming activity. This study thus suggests that the minimal region required for transformation consists of residues 127 to 208. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis indicated that the v-sis proteins encoded by some of the biologically active mutants exhibited an altered conformation when compared with the wild-type v-sis protein, and suggested that Cys-154 and Cys-163 participate in a nonessential disulfide bond.[1]


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