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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Protons as substitutes for sodium and potassium in the sodium pump reaction.

The role of protons as substitutes for Na+ and/or K+ in the sodium pump reaction was examined using inside-out membrane vesicles derived from human red cells. Na+-like effects of protons suggested previously (Blostein, R. (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 829-833) were substantiated by the following observations: (i) in the absence of extravesicular (cytoplasmic) Na+, an increase in cytoplasmic [H+] increased both strophanthidin-sensitive ATP hydrolysis (nu) and the steady-state level of phosphoenzyme, EP, and (ii) as [H+] is increased, the Na+/ATP coupling ratio is decreased. K+-like effects of protons were evidenced in the following results: (i) an increase in nu, decrease in EP, and hence increase in EP turnover (nu/EP) occur when intravesicular (extracellular) [H+] is increased; (ii) an increase in the rate of Na+ influx into K+(Rb+)-free inside-out vesicles and (iii) a decrease in Rb+/ATP coupling occur when [H+] is increased. Direct evidence for H+ being translocated in place of cytoplasmic Na+ and extracellular K+ was obtained by monitoring pH changes using fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran-filled vesicles derived from 4',4-diisothiocyano-2',2-stilbene disulfonate-treated cells. With the initial pHi = pHo = pH 6.2, a strophanthidin-sensitive decrease in pHi was observed following addition of ATP provided the vesicles contained K+. This pH gradient was abolished following addition of Na+. With alkali cation-free inside-out vesicles, a strophanthidin-sensitive increase in pH was observed upon addition of both ATP and Na+. The foregoing changes in pHi were not affected by the addition of tetrabutylammonium to dissipate any membrane potential and were not observed at pH 6. 8. These ATP-dependent cardiac glycoside-sensitive proton movements indicate Na,K-ATPase mediated Na+/H+ exchange in the absence of extracellular K+ as well as H+/K+ exchange in the absence of cytoplasmic Na+.[1]


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