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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Independent regulation of beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptors.

1 The down-regulation of beta-adrenoceptors has been postulated as a biochemical marker of antidepressant efficacy. Here we demonstrate that chronic treatment with desipramine down-regulates beta 1-adrenoceptors in rat cerebral cortex and that beta-adrenoceptor subtypes can be independently regulated by treatment with different beta-adrenoceptor agonists. 2 Desipramine, (+/-)-clenbuterol, prenalterol, corwin (20 mg kg-1 daily) and corwin (10 mg kg-1 daily) were administered to male, Sprague-Dawley rats, over eight days, by means of osmotic Alzet pumps placed subcutaneously and removed 24 h before analysis. Control rats received vehicle only. The beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptor populations were measured in cerebral cortex by a modified (-)-[125I]-pindolol receptor binding assay. 3 The conventional antidepressant, desipramine, preferentially down-regulated beta 1-adrenoceptors whereas the non-selective beta-adrenoceptor agonist (+/-)-clenbuterol preferentially down-regulated beta 2-adrenoceptors. The beta 1-selective partial agonist, prenalterol, up-regulated beta 1-adrenoceptors perhaps acting more as an antagonist than as an agonist. Finally, neither dose of corwin had any significant effect on beta-adrenoceptor number.[1]


  1. Independent regulation of beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptors. Beer, M., Hacker, S., Poat, J., Stahl, S.M. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1987) [Pubmed]
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