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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

On the active site of liver acetyl-CoA. Arylamine N-acetyltransferase from rapid acetylator rabbits (III/J).

A covalent, catalytic intermediate of cytosolic liver acetyl coenzyme A: arylamine N-acetyltransferase (EC from rapid acetylator rabbits (III/J) was isolated and chemically characterized. The active site was further studied using two covalent inhibitors, [2-3H]iodoacetic acid and bromoacetanilide. Inhibition experiments with [2-3H]iodoacetic acid at pH 6.9 showed that the incorporation of 0.7 mol of [2-3H]iodoacetic acid/mol of N-acetyltransferase led to rapid, irreversible loss of enzyme activity. Preincubation of the enzyme with acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA) completely protected against inactivation by [2-3H]iodoacetic acid. After incubating the N-acetyltransferase with [2-3H]acetyl-CoA in the absence of an acceptor amine, an acetyl-cysteinyl-enzyme intermediate was isolated and characterized. Preincubation of N-acetyltransferase with iodoacetic acid prevented the incorporation of the [2-3H]acetyl group into the enzyme. The product analog, bromoacetanilide, caused a rapid irreversible loss of N-acetyltransferase activity. The reaction was pseudo first-order and saturated at high bromoacetanilide concentrations (KI = 0.67 mM; k3 = 1 min-1). Preincubation of the enzyme with acetyl-CoA prevented inactivation by the inhibitor. The acceptor amine 4-ethylaniline did not prevent inhibition. Incorporation of the inhibitor was directly proportional to the loss of activity showing a 1:1 stoichiometry of enzyme to inhibitor. The target amino acid was identified as cysteine by amino acid analysis of inhibitor-treated enzyme.[1]


  1. On the active site of liver acetyl-CoA. Arylamine N-acetyltransferase from rapid acetylator rabbits (III/J). Andres, H.H., Klem, A.J., Schopfer, L.M., Harrison, J.K., Weber, W.W. J. Biol. Chem. (1988) [Pubmed]
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