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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of the ATP synthase of Propionigenium modestum as a primary sodium pump.

The ATP synthase (F1F0) of Propionigenium modestum has been purified to a specific ATPase activity of 5.5 units/mg of protein, which is about 6 times higher than that of the bacterial membranes. Analysis by SDS gel electrophoresis indicated that in addition to the five subunits of the F1 ATPase, subunits of Mr 26,000 (a), 23,000 (b), and 7500 (c) have been purified. The ATPase activity of F1F0 was specifically activated about 10-fold by Na+ions. The enzyme was strongly inhibited by dicyclohexylcarbodiimide, venturicidin, tributyltin chloride, and azide. After incubation with [14C]dicyclohexylcarbodiimide, about 3-4 mol of the inhibitor was bound per 500,000 g of the enzyme. The radioactive label was specifically bound to submit c. These subunits form stable aggregates which resist dissociation by SDS at 100 degrees C. The monomer is formed upon heating with SDS to 121 degrees C or by extraction of the membranes with chloroform/methanol. The ATP synthase was incorporated into liposomes by a freeze-thaw-sonication procedure. The reconstituted proteoliposomes catalyzed the transport of Na+ions upon ATP hydrolysis. The transport was completely abolished by dicyclohexylcarbodiimide. Whereas monensin prevented the accumulation of Na+ions, the uptake rate was stimulated 4-5-fold in the presence of valinomycin or carbonyl cyanide m=chlorophenylhydrazone. These results indicate an electrogenic Na+ transport and also that it is a primary event and not accomplished by a H+-translocating ATP synthase in combination with a Na+/H+ antiporter.[1]


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