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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Beneficial actions of thromboxane receptor antagonism in hemorrhagic shock.

The new specific thromboxane receptor antagonist, BM-13505, was infused intravenously (1 mg/kg bolus and 1 mg/kg hr continuous infusion) to determine its effect in a feline model of hemorrhagic shock. Hemorrhaged cats treated with BM-13505 maintained post-reinfusion mean arterial blood pressure and superior mesenteric artery flow at significantly higher values compared to cats receiving only the vehicle. BM-13505 was also found to attenuate the increase in plasma cathepsin D activity in hemorrhaged cats as well as to curtail plasma proteolysis to values not significantly different from sham shock animals at the end of the post-reinfusion period. Furthermore, the plasma activity of a myocardial depressant factor (MDF) was significantly lower in BM-13505-treated shocked cats than in the vehicle group (37 +/- 4 vs 71 +/- 7 U/ml, P less than .01). Additionally, BM-13505 was shown to antagonize thromboxane-induced vasoconstriction in isolated perfused cat coronary arteries and to exert an anti-aggregatory effect in platelet-rich cat plasma induced by the endoperoxide analog, U-46619. However, BM-13505 failed to show a direct antiproteolytic effect in cat pancreatic homogenates. Thus, the beneficial effects of BM-13505 in hemorrhagic shock are likely due to both its prevention of thromboxane-induced vasoconstriction and its ability to attenuate thromboxane-induced platelet aggregation. Our results further substantiate the role of thromboxane A2 as a mediator of hemorrhagic shock and suggest that antagonism of thromboxane receptors may be useful in the treatment of hemorrhagic shock.[1]


  1. Beneficial actions of thromboxane receptor antagonism in hemorrhagic shock. Bitterman, H., Yanagisawa, A., Lefer, A.M. Circ. Shock (1986) [Pubmed]
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