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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Synthetic peptides derived from fibrinogen and fibronectin change the conformation of purified platelet glycoprotein IIb-IIIa.

The glycoprotein IIb-IIIa complex (GP IIb-IIIa) is a platelet cell-surface receptor for fibrinogen and fibronectin. A carboxyl-terminal decapeptide of the fibrinogen gamma-chain (Leu-Gly-Gly-Ala-Lys-Gln-Ala-Gly-Asp-Val LGGAKQAGDV] and a tetrapeptide (Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (RGDS] from the fibrinogen alpha-chain and the fibronectin cell-binding domain appear to mediate the binding of these ligands to GP IIb-IIIa. The present study was designed to examine the effects of these and related peptides on the structure of purified platelet GP IIb-IIIa. Treatment of GP IIb-IIIa with various synthetic peptides affected the glycoprotein so that GP IIb alpha became a substrate for hydrolysis by thrombin. The order of potency of these peptides was as follows: RGDS greater than LGGAKQAGDV greater than KGDS greater than RGES. This is the same order of potency in which these peptides inhibit fibrinogen binding to platelets. This effect was time-, temperature-, and concentration-dependent; RGDS induced a half-maximal effect at approximately 60 microM. In addition, RGDS, but not RGES, decreased the intensity of the intrinsic protein fluorescence of GP IIb-IIIa. Finally, the decapeptide or RGDS decreased the sedimentation coefficient of GP IIb-IIIa from 8.5 to 7.7 or 7.4 S, respectively, whereas RGES had a minimal effect. This decrease was accompanied by an increase in the Stoke's radius from 74 to 82 A with RGDS or 85 A with the decapeptide, indicating a peptide-induced unfolding of the GP IIb-IIIa complex. This change in conformation may be related to changes in the distribution and function of GP IIb-IIIa on the platelet surface that occur when adhesive proteins or peptides from the GP IIb-IIIa binding domains of these proteins bind to GP IIb-IIIa.[1]

References

  1. Synthetic peptides derived from fibrinogen and fibronectin change the conformation of purified platelet glycoprotein IIb-IIIa. Parise, L.V., Helgerson, S.L., Steiner, B., Nannizzi, L., Phillips, D.R. J. Biol. Chem. (1987) [Pubmed]
 
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