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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Biphasic kinetics of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase and the detergent-solubilized monomer.

The mechanism of ATP hydrolysis was studied at 0 degrees C and pH 7.5 using purified leaky vesicles of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase and enzyme solubilized in monomeric form with high concentrations of octaethylene glycol monododecyl ether (C12E8). The enzyme reaction of membranous Ca2+-ATPase was characterized by an initial burst in the hydrolysis of ATP and modulated by millimolar concentrations of ATP. For detergent-solubilized Ca2+-ATPase no burst and moderate low affinity modulation was observed, but the reaction was activated both at low (phosphorylating) and intermediate (K0.5 = 0.06 mM) ATP concentrations. A study of the partial reactions indicated that the effects of detergent and ATP were attributable to activation of the E1P----E2P transition which was rate-limiting. E32P dephosphorylation of membranous Ca2+-ATPase and the detergent-solubilized monomer comprised both a slow and a rapid component. The inhibitory effect of high Ca2+ was correlated with the development of a dominant contribution of slow phase dephosphorylation and with ATP-induced extra binding of Ca2+ binding which presumably takes place at the phosphorylation site (ECaP). Ca2+ was bound with lesser affinity to detergent-solubilized Ca2+-ATPase but with qualitatively the same characteristics as to membranous ECaP. Either Ca2+ or Mg2+ was required for dephosphorylation, also after detergent solubilization. It is concluded that ATP hydrolysis occurs by the same steps for membranous and monomeric Ca2+-ATPase and involves formation of either EMgP or ECaP as reaction intermediates, leading to biphasic kinetics, which, therefore, cannot be taken as evidence of an oligomeric function of the enzyme.[1]


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