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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phosphofructokinase is responsible for the fructose 2,6-bisphosphate inhibition of hexokinase in tissue extracts.

Mammalian and yeast hexokinases were reported to be reversibly inhibited by fructose 2,6-bisphosphate in the presence of cytosolic proteins (H. Niemeyer, C. Cerpa, and E. Rabajille (1987) Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 257, 17-26). Reinvestigation of this finding using a radioassay with [14C]glucose as substrate showed no effect of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate on hexokinase activity of rat liver cytosols. Detailed reexamination of the spectrophotometric assay resulted in the observation that the fructose 2,6-bisphosphate-dependent inhibition was a function of the cytosolic phosphoglucose isomerase and phosphofructokinase activities compared to the amount of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase used as auxiliary enzyme. The diminution or loss of the fructose 2,6-bisphosphate-dependent inhibition produced in aged cytosols was restored by addition of crystalline muscle phosphofructokinase, as well as by decreasing the amount of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in the assay. When phosphoglucose isomerase, phosphofructokinase, and hexokinase activities were separated by DEAE-chromatography of liver cytosol, no fructose 2,6-bisphosphate-dependent inhibition of hexokinase was found in any single fraction of the chromatogram. However, combination of fractions containing both phosphoglucose isomerase and phosphofructokinase displayed the fructose 2,6-bisphosphate-dependent inhibition on either endogenous hexokinase or added yeast hexokinase. From these results we conclude that the activation of phosphofructokinase elicited by fructose 2,6-bisphosphate is responsible for the hexokinase inhibition observed in the coupled spectrophotometric assay.[1]


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