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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Leukotriene formation by a purified reticulocyte lipoxygenase enzyme. Conversion of arachidonic acid and 15-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid to 14, 15-leukotriene A4.

The purified lipoxygenase of rabbit reticulocytes converts arachidonic acid at 0 degrees C to 15-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HPETE) and to 12-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12-HPETE) via reactions which involve hydrogen abstraction at C-13 and C-10, respectively. At 37 degrees C the enzyme converts arachidonic acid to additional products which were identified as 13-hydroxy-14,15-epoxy-5,8,11-eicosatrienoic acid, 8,15-dihydroperoxy-5,9,11,13- and 5,15-dihydroperoxy-6, 6,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acids (8,15-diHPETE and 5,15-HPETE, respectively) and diastereoisomers of 8,15-dihydroxy-5,9,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid (8,15-diHPETEs). The 8,15- and 5,15-diHPETEs were formed by double lipoxygenation since each incorporated 2 molecules of 18O2 and since their synthesis from 15-HPETE was blocked under anaerobic conditions. The 8,15-diHETEs each incorporated 18O from 18O2 at C-15 and were found to arise from nonenzymatic hydrolysis of an epoxytriene which was identified as 14,15-leukotriene A4 by trapping in acidic methanol. This compound was a major product of 15-HPETE in anaerobic incubations. The conversion of 15-HPETE to 14,15-leukotriene A4 was inhibited by the lipoxygenase inhibitors nordihydroguairetic acid and 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraynoic acid. The 14,15-leukotriene A4 synthase and 15-lipoxygenase activities were inhibited by 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraynoic acid in a similar time-dependent manner. The results support a mechanism whereby 14,15-leukotriene A4 is synthesized from 15-HPETE by a further enzymatic step carried out by the reticulocyte 15-lipoxygenase via hydrogen abstraction at C-10 and a redox cycle of the non-heme iron atom of the enzyme.[1]


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