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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Oestrogenic regulation of testicular androgen production during development in the rat.

The influence of age on the sensitivity of the testis to oestrogens was investigated. Intact male rats at 10, 25, 40 and 53 days of age were injected s.c. with vehicle, 5 or 50 micrograms oestradiol or diethylstilboestrol (DES)/100 g body wt twice daily for 2 days; the animals were killed 12 h after the last injection. Subsequently, the concentrations of testicular androgens and serum LH, prolactin, testosterone and androstanediol (5 alpha-androstane-3 alpha, 17 beta-diol) were measured. Testicular androgen production was determined in vitro in the presence or absence of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) or dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP). Androgens in the serum and testes displayed an age-related alternating pattern with androstanediol being the major androgen produced at 27 days of age. As a result of oestrogen treatment, serum LH concentrations were decreased while serum prolactin was increased. Serum testosterone was decreased by 36-55% in the 12-day-old group and further reduced by 95% of control values by day 55; serum androstanediol was less sensitive to oestrogen suppression. Testicular concentrations of both testosterone and androstanediol exhibited a marked reduction in 12-day-old animals as a result of oestrogen administration. These values were reduced by 85-95% at day 27 and remained suppressed even at 55 days. Basal production of testosterone was unaffected by oestrogen treatment in 12- and 27-day-old animals but was markedly decreased by day 42. Significant suppression of basal production of androstanediol was observed as early as day 12.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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