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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Specific cloning of DNA fragments absent from the DNA of a male patient with an X chromosome deletion.

A method that allows the specific cloning of DNA fragments absent from patients homozygous or hemizygous for chromosomal deletions is described. The method involves phenol-accelerated competitive DNA reassociation and subsequent molecular cloning of appropriately reassociated molecules. The deletion DNA sample utilized in the competition was isolated from a patient with a minute interstitial deletion in the short arm of the X chromosome. Sheared DNA isolated from a male child, who was diagnosed as having Duchenne muscular dystrophy, chronic granulomatous disease, and retinitis pigmentosa, was combined in a 200-fold excess with Mbo I-cleaved DNA isolated from a 49, XXXXY human lymphoid cell line, and the mixture was subjected to a phenol-enhanced reassociation technique. Analysis of 81 unique segments derived from cloned reassociated DNA molecules has led to the identification of 4 (5%) human DNA fragments that are absent from the male patient's DNA. The 4 clones were localized, on the basis of hybridization with restriction nuclease-digested genomic DNA from a panel of human and human-rodent hybrid cell lines, into three regions surrounding band 21 of the short arm of the normal human X chromosome. These clones are potential linkage markers for the diseases affecting this boy. Each clone, as well as others obtainable by this approach, may also serve as a starting point in the eventual cloning of these three X-linked-disease loci. Extension of this approach to other loci, including human tumors potentially homozygous for small deletions, should also be possible.[1]


  1. Specific cloning of DNA fragments absent from the DNA of a male patient with an X chromosome deletion. Kunkel, L.M., Monaco, A.P., Middlesworth, W., Ochs, H.D., Latt, S.A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1985) [Pubmed]
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