The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The role of the polymorphonuclear leukocyte in hyperalgesia.

The results of recent studies of the mechanism of leukotriene B4-induced hyperalgesia suggest a dependence on polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs). In this study, we addressed the contribution of PMNLs to hyperalgesia evoked by the peptide chemotactic factors N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) and the anaphylatoxin fragment of the fifth component of the complement pathway ( C5a). Local injection of glycogen, which attracts but does not activate PMNLs, produced a marked shift to the left (toward lower concentrations) in the concentration dependence curve of fMLP-induced hyperalgesia. In addition, PMNL repletion by transfusion with syngeneic PMNLs reestablished fMLP-induced hyperalgesia in PMNL-depleted rats. Finally, supernatants from rat and human PMNLs, that had been stimulated with fMLP in vitro, produced hyperalgesia in PMNL-depleted rats. Preliminary characterization of the hyperalgesia-inducing activity released by stimulated PMNLs indicated that it is lipid in nature. The nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory indomethacin did not attenuate C5a and fMLP-induced hyperalgesia. Thus, the hyperalgesia produced by fMLP and C5a is similar to that produced by leukotriene B4 in that it is dependent on PMNLs and independent of the cyclo-oxygenation of arachidonic acid. Taken together, these data suggest that structurally diverse PMNL-chemotactic factors produce hyperalgesia by a novel mechanism, involving PMNL-derived factors.[1]


  1. The role of the polymorphonuclear leukocyte in hyperalgesia. Levine, J.D., Gooding, J., Donatoni, P., Borden, L., Goetzl, E.J. J. Neurosci. (1985) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities