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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Long interspersed repeated DNA (LINE) causes polymorphism at the rat insulin 1 locus.

The insulin 1, but not the insulin 2, locus is polymorphic (i.e., exhibits allelic variation) in rats. Restriction enzyme analysis and hybridization studies showed that the polymorphic region is 2.2 kilobases upstream of the insulin 1 coding region and is due to the presence or absence of an approximately 2.7-kilobase repeated DNA element. DNA sequence determination showed that this DNA element is a member of a long interspersed repeated DNA family (LINE) that is highly repeated (greater than 50,000 copies) and highly transcribed in the rat. Although the presence or absence of LINE sequences at the insulin 1 locus occurs in both the homozygous and heterozygous states, LINE-containing insulin 1 alleles are more prevalent in the rat population than are alleles without LINEs. Restriction enzyme analysis of the LINE-containing alleles indicated that at least two versions of the LINE sequence may be present at the insulin 1 locus in different rats. Either repeated transposition of LINE sequences or gene conversion between the resident insulin 1 LINE and other sequences in the genome are possible explanations for this.[1]


  1. Long interspersed repeated DNA (LINE) causes polymorphism at the rat insulin 1 locus. Lakshmikumaran, M.S., D'Ambrosio, E., Laimins, L.A., Lin, D.T., Furano, A.V. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1985) [Pubmed]
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