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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Bacterial NAD(P)-independent quinate dehydrogenase is a quinoprotein.

Acinetobacter calcoaceticus LMD 79.41 produced significant amounts of pyrrolo-quinoline quinone (PQQ) in its culture medium when grown on quinic acid or shikimic acid. Studies with LMD 79.41 and PQQ- -mutants of this strain demonstrated that this organism contains an NAD(P)-independent quinate dehydrogenase (QDH) (EC 1.1.99.-), catalyzing the first degradation step of these compounds, and that the enzyme contains PQQ as a cofactor, i.e. is a quinoprotein. Synthesis of QDH was induced by protocatechuate and the enzyme appeared to be particle-bound. Acinetobacter Iwoffi RAG-1 produced a quinoprotein QDH apoenzyme since growth on quinic acid only occurred in the presence of PQQ. The results obtained with the PQQ- -mutants of strain LMD 79.41 also provided some insight into the regulation of PQQ biosynthesis and assemblage of quinoprotein enzymes in the periplasmic space. Since two species of Pseudomonas also contained a quinoprotein QDH, it is assumed that bacterial NAD(P)-independent quinate dehydrogenase is a quinoprotein.[1]


  1. Bacterial NAD(P)-independent quinate dehydrogenase is a quinoprotein. van Kleef, M.A., Duine, J.A. Arch. Microbiol. (1988) [Pubmed]
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