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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dihydrofolate reductase from Escherichia coli: the kinetic mechanism with NADPH and reduced acetylpyridine adenine dinucleotide phosphate as substrates.

Kinetic studies on the reaction catalyzed by dihydrofolate reductase from Escherichia coli have been undertaken with the aim of characterizing further the kinetic mechanism of the reaction. For this purpose, the kinetic properties of substrates were determined by measurement of (a) initial velocities over a wide range of substrate concentrations and (b) the stickiness of substrates in ternary enzyme complexes. Stickiness is defined as the rate at which a substrate reacts to give products relative to the rate at which that substrate dissociates. Stickiness was determined by varying the viscosity of reaction mixtures and the concentration of one substrate in the presence of a saturating concentration of the other substrate. The results indicate that NADPH is sticky in the enzyme-NADPH-dihydrofolate complex, while dihydrofolate is much less sticky in this complex. At higher concentrations, NADPH functions as an activator through the formation of an enzyme-NADPH-tetrahydrofolate from which tetrahydrofolate is released more rapidly than from an enzyme-tetrahydrofolate complex. Higher concentrations of dihydrofolate also cause enzyme activation, and it appears that this effect is due to the ability of dihydrofolate to displace tetrahydrofolate from a binary enzyme complex through the formation of a transitory enzyme-tetrahydrofolate-dihydrofolate complex. As NADPH and dihydrofolate function as activators and as NADPH behaves as a sticky substrate, the kinetic mechanism of the dihydrofolate reductase reaction with the natural substrates is steady-state random. By contrast with NADPH, reduced 3-acetylpyridine adenine dinucleotide phosphate exhibits only slight stickiness and does not function as an activator.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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