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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Biochemical selectivity of oral versus intravenous aspirin in rats. Inhibition by oral aspirin of cyclooxygenase activity in platelets and presystemic but not systemic vessels.

In rats intravenous aspirin was only slightly more effective an inhibitor of platelet thromboxane B2 (TxB2) than of aorta 6-keto-prostaglandin (PGF)1 alpha generation (1.9 versus 2.1 mg/kg). In contrast, oral aspirin was about five times more effective on platelet than on aorta cyclooxygenase activity. The "biochemical selectivity" of aspirin as an inhibitor of platelet and vascular cyclooxygenase thus was not apparent after intravenous administration of the drug. However, this could be achieved by relatively low doses of oral (or intraduodenal) aspirin, on account of "presystemic" acetylation of platelet cyclooxygenase. Even in this condition, though, aspirin selectivity was relative to "systemic" peripheral vessels but not to the vessels of the enterohepatic circulation. Indeed after an oral or intraduodenal dose of 5 mg/kg aspirin, generation of portal vein 6-keto-PGF1 alpha was inhibited to much the same extent as platelet TxB2, while inferior vena cava 6-keto-PGF1 alpha formation was spared.[1]


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