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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Polarized secretion of an ectopic protein in Drosophila salivary glands in vivo.

Epithelial cells can secrete specific proteins in a polarized manner, either from the apical or basolateral surface. Intracellular protein sorting which results in polarized secretion has previously been studied using epithelial tissue culture cells. We describe here the use of Drosophila larval salivary glands for the study of polarized secretion by epithelia in vivo, and address whether an ectopically synthesized secretory protein can be sorted and targeted to the correct cell surface for secretion. Larval cuticle proteins (LCPs) and salivary gland secretion ( Sgs) proteins of Drosophila melanogaster are apically secreted proteins that are produced respectively by the epidermis and salivary glands. We have transformed Drosophila with a hybrid gene consisting of the sgs-4 promoter sequence and the coding sequence for a variant (LCP-f2) of LCP-2. We have found that transgenic late third instar larvae produce LCP-f2 only in the salivary glands and that LCP-f2 is properly secreted in vivo in a polarized manner from only the apical surface of the cells into the gland lumen. The results indicate that apical secretion does not depend on a tissue-specific targeting signal contained within the protein.[1]


  1. Polarized secretion of an ectopic protein in Drosophila salivary glands in vivo. Tojo, S.J., Germeraad, S., King, D.S., Fristrom, J.W. EMBO J. (1987) [Pubmed]
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