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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Trans-acting regulatory mutations that alter transcription of Saccharomyces cerevisiae histone genes.

Using a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain containing an integrated copy of an H2A-lacZ fusion gene, we screened for mutants which overexpressed beta-galactosidase as a way to identify genes which regulate transcription of the histone genes. Five recessive mutants with this phenotype were shown to contain altered regulatory genes because they had lost repression of HTA1 transcription which occurs upon inhibition of chromosome replication (D. E. Lycan, M. A. Osley, and L. Hereford, Mol. Cell. Biol. 7:614-621, 1987). Periodic transcription was affected in the mutants as well, since the HTA1 gene was transcribed during the G1 and G2 phases of the cell cycle, periods in the cell cycle when this gene is normally not expressed. A similar loss of cell cycle-dependent transcription was noted for two of the three remaining histone loci, while the HO and CDC9 genes continued to be expressed periodically. Using isolated promoter elements inserted into a heterologous cycl-lacZ fusion gene, we demonstrated that the mutations fell in genes which acted through a negative site in the TRT1 H2A-H2B promoter.[1]


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