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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of postural changes, nitroglycerin and verapamil on diastolic ventricular function as determined by radionuclide angiography in normal subjects.

Whereas improvement in diastolic function indexes in response to therapeutic interventions has been attributed to a beneficial effect of the intervention, measurements of diastolic function appear to be influenced by changes in loading conditions, heart rate and sympathetic tone. To determine the effect of body position and short-term pharmacologic intervention on radionuclide angiographically determined left ventricular peak filling rate, high temporal resolution time-activity curves and absolute left ventricular volumes obtained by equilibrium-gated blood pool scans were evaluated in 12 normal subjects in the supine position at rest and in response to several postural and pharmacologic manipulations. This study confirmed the reproducibility of the technique and demonstrated that in normal subjects, peak filling rate varies in response to changes in body position and to short-term administration of sublingual nitroglycerin and intravenous verapamil. Peak filling rate ranged from 3.3 to 5.1 end-diastolic volumes (EDV)/s with a variability of 13.7% during five baseline supine measurements in the 12 subjects. Compared with values in the supine position (mean +/- SEM = 4.38 +/- 0.24 EDV/s), peak filling rate increased +16 +/- 6% to 4.75 +/- 0.27 EDV/s in the upright position (p less than 0.05) but did not change significantly with leg elevation. Peak filling rate at baseline and during postural changes correlated significantly with ejection fraction (r = +0.49), with stroke volume (r = +0.26) and inversely with end-systolic volume (r = -0.41), but did not correlate with heart rate or blood pressure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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