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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Plasma vitamin E and selenium and breath pentane in home parenteral nutrition patients.

Because both vitamin E and selenium protect against lipid peroxidation, we evaluated the relationship between breath pentane, evolved from the peroxidation of linoleic acid, and plasma levels of alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E), Se, and Se-dependent glutathione peroxidase (Se-GSHPx). Nine home parenteral-nutrition (HPN) patients received added Se in intravenous solutions and were compared with 10 normal control subjects. The excretion of pentane (, means +/- SEM) in control subjects (6.34 +/- 0.96) was significantly lower than in HPN patients (15.02 +/- 1.12, p less than 0.001). alpha-Tocopherol (mumol/L), Se (mumol/L), and Se-GSHPx (U) values were, respectively, 18.13 +/- 1.70, 1.70 +/- 0.05, and 5.34 +/- 0.27 in control subjects and 10.21 +/- 1.66, 1.35 +/- 0.14, and 7.01 +/- 0.31 in HPN patients. All differences were statistically significant. Significant negative correlations were observed between plasma alpha-tocopherol levels and HPN duration and between pentane output and plasma alpha-tocopherol levels (r = -0.58, p less than 0.01). In HPN patients with reduced plasma alpha-tocopherol levels associated with increased pentane output, there is, inferentially, increased lipid peroxidation despite normal plasma Se and Se-GSHPx levels.[1]


  1. Plasma vitamin E and selenium and breath pentane in home parenteral nutrition patients. Lemoyne, M., Van Gossum, A., Kurian, R., Jeejeebhoy, K.N. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1988) [Pubmed]
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