The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Cloning of cDNAs encoding human lysosomal membrane glycoproteins, h-lamp-1 and h-lamp-2. Comparison of their deduced amino acid sequences.

We have isolated and sequenced cDNA clones corresponding to the entire coding sequences of the human lysosomal membrane glycoproteins, lamp-1 and lamp-2 (h-lamp-1 and h-lamp-2). The deduced amino acid sequences indicate that h-lamp-1 and h-lamp-2 consist of 416 and 408 amino acid residues, respectively, and suggest that 27 and 28 NH2-terminal residues are cleavable signal peptides. The major portions of both h-lamp-1 and h-lamp-2 reside on the luminal side of the lysosome and are heavily glycosylated by N-glycans: h-lamp-1 and h-lamp-2 were found to contain 19 and 16 potential N-glycosylation sites, respectively. The findings are consistent with the results obtained by endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase F treatment of h-lamp-1 and h-lamp-2 precursors, described in the preceding paper (Carlsson, S. R., Roth, J., Piller, F., and Fukuda, M. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 18911-18919). These N-glycosylation sites are clustered into two domains separated by a hinge-like structure enriched with proline and serine in h-lamp-1 or proline and threonine in h-lamp-2. The two domains of h-lamp-1 on each side of the hinge region are homologous to each other, whereas no such homology was detected between the two domains of h-lamp-2. Both proteins have one putative transmembrane domain consisting of 24 hydrophobic amino acids near the COOH terminus, and contain a short cytoplasmic segment composed of 11 amino acid residues at the COOH-terminal end. Comparison of h-lamp-1 and h-lamp-2 sequences reveal strong homology between the two molecules, particularly in the proximity to the COOH-terminal end. It is possible that this portion is important for targeting the molecules to lysosomes. These results also suggest that lamp-1 and lamp-2 are evolutionarily related. Comparison of known lamp-1 sequences among different species, on the other hand, show that human lamp-1 has more similarity to lamp-1 from other species than to human lamp-2. This fact, taken together with the finding that h-lamp-2 lacks repeating domains, suggests that lamp-1 and lamp-2 diverged from a putative ancestor gene in early stages of evolution. These results also suggest that lamp-1 and lamp-2 probably have distinctly separate functions despite the fact that they share many structural features.[1]

References

 
WikiGenes - Universities