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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Persistent inhibition by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate of oxalate-dependent 45calcium accumulation in permeable guinea-pig hepatocytes.

Guinea-pig hepatocytes whose plasma membranes were rendered permeable by treatment with saponin, accumulated 45calcium in the presence of potassium oxalate and ATP. The uptake was linear with time for up to one hour when high-capacity EGTA buffers were used (5mM). In the presence of a supra-maximal concentration of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, under conditions minimising metabolism of this calcium-mobilising messenger, 45calcium accumulation was inhibited by about 40% for a period of one hour. Electron microscopic examination of the cells, revealed the presence of electron dense precipitates. Electron microprobe analysis of the precipitates indicated that they constituted the majority of the oxalate-dependent calcium uptake. The precipitates were located throughout the non-nuclear regions of the cells. Cells treated with inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate contained fewer precipitates, but high cell-to-cell variability prevented conclusions as to the precise location of the pool sensitive to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. These results support the previous contention that a fraction of endoplasmic reticulum is completely emptied of calcium by maximal concentrations of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, while another fraction is insensitive to this action. In addition, these findings indicate that the pool of intracellular calcium on which inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate acts is oxalate-permeable, and that the calcium-releasing action of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate does not desensitise within one hour.[1]


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