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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The valyl-tRNA synthetase from Bacillus stearothermophilus has considerable sequence homology with the isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase from Escherichia coli.

We report the DNA sequence of the valS gene from Bacillus stearothermophilus and the predicted amino acid sequence of the valyl-tRNA synthetase encoded by the gene. The predicted primary structure is for a protein of 880 amino acids with a molecular mass of 102,036. The molecular mass and amino acid composition of the expressed enzyme are in close agreement with those values deduced from the DNA sequence. Comparison of the predicted protein sequence with known protein sequences revealed a considerable homology with the isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase of Escherichia coli. The two enzymes are identical in some 20-25% of their amino acid residues, and the homology is distributed approximately evenly from N-terminus to C-terminus. There are several regions which are highly conservative between the valyl- and isoleucyl-tRNA synthetases. In one of these regions, 15 of 20 amino acids are identical, and in another, 10 of 14 are identical. The valyl-tRNA synthetase also contains a region HLGH (His-Leu-Gly-His) near its N-terminus equivalent to the consensus HIGH (His-Ile-Gly-His) sequence known to participate in the binding of ATP in the tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase. This is the first example of extensive homology found between two different aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases.[1]


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