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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of vasopressin on the human non-pregnant uterus: studies with analogues of different vasopressor potencies.

The uterotonic effects of arginine8-vasopressin (AVP) have been studied on uterine strips from non-pregnant women. Concentration-dependent contractions could be recorded over a 10 min period in the presence of AVP (5.5.10(-10)-3.10(-7) M); the most reproducible recordings were obtained with tissue from the inner part of the myometrium. Analogues of AVP and oxytocin (OT), modified at positions 1 (2-hydroxy-3-mercaptopropionic acid, deamino-3-mercaptopropionic acid), 2 (Phe), 4 ( Arg, Val), 7 (Sar) or 8 (Orn) were synthesized and tested for uterotonic activity on human and rat uterine strips, and for vasopressor and antidiuretic activity in the rat in vivo. There was a positive correlation between the activity of these analogues on non-pregnant human myometrial tissue with that in the rat vasopressor assay (r = 0.86, P less than 0.01) but none with their activity in the antidiuretic assay. For example, [Mpa1,D-Arg8]vasopressin had more than twice the antidiuretic activity of AVP but less than 0.2% of its pressor or human uterotonic potency (Mpa = 3-mercaptopropionic acid). Correspondingly, the specific pressor analogue [Hmp1,Phe2,Orn8]OT was as potent as AVP on the human uterus, but had less than 3% of its antidiuretic activity (Hmp = 2-hydroxy-3-mercaptopropionic acid). There was no correlation between the uterotonic activities of AVP or its analogues when non-pregnant human and rat tissues were compared, indicating that rat uterine tissue is a poor guide when testing analogues intended for clinical use in non-pregnant women.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Effects of vasopressin on the human non-pregnant uterus: studies with analogues of different vasopressor potencies. Melin, P., Trojnar, J., Carlsson, A.M., Bengtsson, B., Akerlund, M., Robinson, I. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1988) [Pubmed]
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