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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Adoptive immunotherapy by pantropic killer cells recovered from OK-432-injected tumor sites in mice.

A murine malignant ascites model with BAMC-1 tumors was established previously, which was cured completely by five consecutive i.p. injections of OK-432. We have found that peritoneal mononuclear cells from these animals contained antitumor effector cells which could destroy nonspecifically a variety of tumor cells in vitro. They were tentatively called pantropic killer cells (PKCs). The present study was essentially designed to show the antitumor effectiveness of the PKCs in vivo by the use of an adoptive immunotherapy model. The growth of BAMC-1 tumors transplanted s.c. 5 days earlier was significantly suppressed by passive transfer of 5 x 10(6) to 2 x 10(7) PKCs induced by injection of OK-432 into BAMC-1 bearing donor mice, while more than 1 x 10(8) immune spleen cells from the same donors treated with OK-432 were required to achieve the similar effects. Furthermore, if the tumor-bearing recipients were pretreated with 180 mg/kg of cyclophosphamide 1 h before the adoptive transfer, even 5 x 10(6) PKCs could induce complete regression of the tumors transplanted 5 days earlier. This protocol made it possible even to achieve the complete regression of larger tumors (9-10 mm in diameter) in recipients transplanted 12 days earlier. The PKCs were, as expected, able to cure not only BAMC-1-bearing animals but also Meth-A-bearing mice. As effector cells for adoptive immunotherapy, therefore, the PKCs induced by OK-432 seem to be as effective as, if not better than, lymphokine-activated killer cells expanded in vitro by culturing tumor infiltrating lymphocytes with interleukin-2. Although the study on surface markers of PKCs did not unequivocally discriminate these from lymphokine-activated killer cells, the present findings are considered significant indicating that a potent biological response modifier such as OK-432 can induce pantropic killer cells which are extremely effective in destroying various tumor cells in vivo. One of the advantages of OK-432 therapy over lymphokine-activated killer cell therapy, therefore, is that the former does not require the tedious and time-consuming in vitro procedures which are essential for the latter.[1]


  1. Adoptive immunotherapy by pantropic killer cells recovered from OK-432-injected tumor sites in mice. Saito, M., Nanjo, M., Kataoka, M., Moriya, Y., Sugawara, Y., Yoshida, T., Ishida, N. Cancer Res. (1988) [Pubmed]
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