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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of myeloma IgE injections on passive and active cutaneous anaphylaxis in rats.

The ability of injected rat IgE myeloma protein IR162 to inhibit passive and active cutaneous anaphylaxis in Lewis rats was investigated. IgE injected i.p. 24 hr before the sensitization with IgE anti-ovalbumin (OVA) completely inhibited both IgE- and IgG2a-induced passive cutaneous anaphylactic (PCA) reactions at a dose (2.5 mg/100 g body weight) that resulted in peak serum concentrations of 150 micrograms IgE IR162/ml. Peak IgE IR162 serum concentrations of 20 to 60 micrograms/ml inhibited the PCA reaction in approximately 50% of the rats. Intracutaneous injection of a mixture of myeloma IgE and anti-OVA IgE in a ratio of 100:1 or more also inhibited the PCA reaction. In contrast, the PCA reaction was not inhibited by seven daily doses of IgE beginning 24 hr after passive sensitization. Likewise, the cutaneous anaphylactic reaction elicited in rats 14 days after immunization with OVA and Bordetella pertussis was not prevented by daily injections of myeloma IgE despite a 1000- to 3000-fold excess of the myeloma IgE to anti-OVA IgE serum concentration. The data demonstrate that parenteral administration of myeloma IgE inhibits the PCA reaction only when given before passive sensitization and does not prevent cutaneous anaphylaxis in actively immunized rats. Because myeloma IgE failed to inhibit anaphylactic reactions in actively immunized rats, it is questionable whether administering human IgE-derived synthetic peptides or recombinant DNA-produced IgE fragments will be able to prevent allergic diseases by blocking the IgE Fc receptors on mast cells.[1]


  1. Effect of myeloma IgE injections on passive and active cutaneous anaphylaxis in rats. Spiegelberg, H.L., Canning, K.M., Scheetz, M., Koppel, G., Chiller, J.M. J. Immunol. (1986) [Pubmed]
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