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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of a lymphocyte-activating pentapeptide sequence in the Fc region of human IgG1.

The synthetic peptide p23, representing residues 335 to 357 in the Fc region of human IgG1, was previously shown to induce Ig secretion in murine spleen cell cultures. In this report, overlapping peptides based on the sequence of p23 were synthesized to further map the active site in this molecule. The results from these studies indicate that leu-pro-pro-ser-arg (residues 351 to 355) retained the B cell differentiation-inducing properties of p23; however, expression of activity by this sequence was markedly influenced by N-flanking sequences. By using T cell-depleted spleen cell cultures, it was determined that at least two signals are required for p23-induced Ig secretion: one supplied by p23 directly and one supplied by a T cell-replacing factor present in p23-conditioned spleen cell supernatants. Both signals were mapped into the sequence leu-pro-pro-ser-arg. However, the latter signal, but not the former signal, again appeared to be influenced by sequences proximal to the active site. These data indicate that although the leu-pro-pro-ser-arg sequence is able to provide both required signals for p23-induced Ig secretion in spleen cell cultures, there may be subtle differences in how the cell types involved in this response interact with and/or are activated by this sequence.[1]


  1. Identification of a lymphocyte-activating pentapeptide sequence in the Fc region of human IgG1. Hobbs, M.V., Morgan, E.L., Houghten, R.A., Thoman, M.L., Weigle, W.O. J. Immunol. (1987) [Pubmed]
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