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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Milrinone and dobutamine in severe heart failure: differing hemodynamic effects and individual patient responsiveness.

Milrinone and dobutamine were compared in 15 patients with New York Heart Association functional class III and IV congestive heart failure. Dobutamine and milrinone were administered intravenously according a graded titration schedule up to maximum doses (14 micrograms/kg/min and 75 micrograms/kg, respectively) or until increased ventricular ectopy or a reduction in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure to 10 mm Hg or less occurred. Although both agents markedly increased cardiac index, milrinone caused a significantly greater reduction in left and right heart filling pressures and mean arterial pressure than did dobutamine, and for any given increase in dP/dt, milrinone caused a greater reduction in systemic vascular resistance than did dobutamine. Thus, the hemodynamic effects of milrinone are best represented by a combination of the actions of dobutamine, a positive inotropic agent, and a vasodilator such as nitroprusside, which causes both arterial and venous dilation. The positive inotropic responses of individual patients to dobutamine (5 micrograms/kg/min) and milrinone (25 micrograms/kg) were compared. The increases in dP/dt with both agents were variable, and correlated poorly (r = .50; p = .059). Patients were divided into two groups: Group I consisted of eight patients in whom the ratio of the increase in dP/dt with dobutamine vs milrinone was greater than 1.0 (good dobutamine responders); group II consisted of seven patients in whom this ratio was less than 1.0 (poor dobutamine responders).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Milrinone and dobutamine in severe heart failure: differing hemodynamic effects and individual patient responsiveness. Colucci, W.S., Wright, R.F., Jaski, B.E., Fifer, M.A., Braunwald, E. Circulation (1986) [Pubmed]
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