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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Processivity and kinetics of the reaction of exonuclease I from Escherichia coli with polydeoxyribonucleotides.

The enzyme exonuclease I from Escherichia coli hydrolyzes successive nucleotides from the 3'-termini of single-stranded deoxyribonucleotide homopolymers. When the reaction is stopped after partial hydrolysis, only intact starting material and small oligomers can be isolated. The distribution of oligomeric products varies with the base composition of the polymer but the largest oligomer that can be isolated from the reaction of exonuclease I with homopolymers of deoxyadenylate, deoxythymidylate, or deoxycytidylate is a decamer. These results suggest a model in which exonuclease I possesses at least two nucleotide binding sites. When both sites are filled, with 11-mers and longer polymers, the enzyme does not dissociate from the polymer during hydrolysis. When, with smaller oligomers, only a single site is filled, the reaction partitions at each oligomer between hydrolysis and dissociation. The kinetics of the reactions of exonuclease I with purified polydeoxyriboadenylates of defined size distributions have been investigated. The maximum rates of hydrolysis are nearly independent of polymer size while the apparent Michaelis constants are inversely proportional to the polymer size. A simple steady state model yields a kinetic equation that is consistent with our results. Competition experiments indicate that the rate at which exonuclease I associates with the 3'-terminus of a polydeoxyribonucleotide is independent of the polymer's chain length.[1]


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