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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
MeSH Review

Base Composition

 
 
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Disease relevance of Base Composition

  • SPI2 has a lower G+C content than that of the remainder of the Salmonella genome and is flanked by genes whose products share greater than 90% identity with those of the E. coli ydhE and pykF genes [1].
  • This investigation was designed to explore transfer RNA (TRNA) methyltransferase activity, urinary excretion levels of tRNA degradation products, and tRNA base composition in normal monkeys and in those with hepatocellular carcinomas induced by N-nitrosodiethylamine [2].
  • Our comparison of the Escherichia coli UvrABC endonuclease incision of a variety of specific cross-link sequences in a single natural DNA fragment showed that DNA base composition determines which of two cross-linked DNA strands will be incised [3].
  • The predicted orf 253 gene sequence showed a significantly lower GC content than the surrounding intron and lysin gene sequences, and the predicted protein shared a motif with endonucleases found in phages from both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria [4].
  • In the capsid region of the most highly modified virus construct, the effective number of codons used (N(C)) fell from 56.2 to 29.8, the number of CG dinucleotides rose from 97 to 302, and the G+C content increased from 48.4% to 56.4% [5].
 

High impact information on Base Composition

  • In fact, this latter property, which is dependent upon salt concentration and nucleotide base composition, is a major factor influencing whether ssDNA interacts with all four or only two SSB subunits, which in turn determines the type of intertetramer positive cooperativity [6].
  • Thermal stability was measured by hydroxyapatite thermal chromatography, S1 nuclease resistance after heating in a solvent which neutralizes the effect of DNA base composition, and spectrophotometric melting [7].
  • To explain these observations, it has been proposed that the base composition at the centre of the operator affects the affinity of the operator for repressor by altering the ease with which operator DNA can undergo the torsional deformation necessary for complex formation [8].
  • The gene is unusual in that its base composition is nearly 90 percent adenine plus thymine [9].
  • These data suggest, therefore, that in addition to base composition, other factors are involved in the production of chromosome banding by chromomycin A3 and olivomycin [10].
 

Chemical compound and disease context of Base Composition

 

Biological context of Base Composition

 

Anatomical context of Base Composition

 

Associations of Base Composition with chemical compounds

 

Gene context of Base Composition

  • The identification of GSCL required a genomic sequence-based approach because of its restricted expression and high GC content [31].
  • Because of low steady-state levels of BCR mRNA and the high GC content (78%) of the promoter region, definitive mapping of transcription start sites required artificial amplification of BCR promoter-directed transcripts [32].
  • Gene conversion and GC-content evolution in mammalian Hsp70 [33].
  • Branchiostoma mtDNA lacks a vertebrate-like control region; its largest noncoding region (129 nt) is unremarkable in sequence or base composition, and its location between ND5 and tRNAG differs from that usually found in vertebrates [34].
  • The GC content at synonymous third codon positions (GC3s) of the Amy1-type genes was higher than that of the Amy3-type genes [35].
 

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Base Composition

References

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  18. A dinucleotide deletion in the ankyrin promoter alters gene expression, transcription initiation and TFIID complex formation in hereditary spherocytosis. Gallagher, P.G., Nilson, D.G., Wong, C., Weisbein, J.L., Garrett-Beal, L.J., Eber, S.W., Bodine, D.M. Hum. Mol. Genet. (2005) [Pubmed]
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  23. Preferential stimulation of human lymphocytes by oligodeoxynucleotides that copy DNA CpG motifs present in virulent genes of group A streptococci. Chatellier, S., Kotb, M. Eur. J. Immunol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  24. Serine-palmitoyl transferase activity in cultured human keratinocytes. Holleran, W.M., Williams, M.L., Gao, W.N., Elias, P.M. J. Lipid Res. (1990) [Pubmed]
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  28. Base composition-independent hybridization in tetramethylammonium chloride: a method for oligonucleotide screening of highly complex gene libraries. Wood, W.I., Gitschier, J., Lasky, L.A., Lawn, R.M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1985) [Pubmed]
  29. Nanomechanical measurements of the sequence-dependent folding landscapes of single nucleic acid hairpins. Woodside, M.T., Behnke-Parks, W.M., Larizadeh, K., Travers, K., Herschlag, D., Block, S.M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2006) [Pubmed]
  30. Analysis of the mouse Dhfr/Rep-3 major promoter region by using linker-scanning and internal deletion mutations and DNase I footprinting. Smith, M.L., Mitchell, P.J., Crouse, G.F. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  31. The DiGeorge syndrome minimal critical region contains a goosecoid-like (GSCL) homeobox gene that is expressed early in human development. Gottlieb, S., Emanuel, B.S., Driscoll, D.A., Sellinger, B., Wang, Z., Roe, B., Budarf, M.L. Am. J. Hum. Genet. (1997) [Pubmed]
  32. Characterization of the BCR promoter in Philadelphia chromosome-positive and -negative cell lines. Shah, N.P., Witte, O.N., Denny, C.T. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  33. Gene conversion and GC-content evolution in mammalian Hsp70. Kudla, G., Helwak, A., Lipinski, L. Mol. Biol. Evol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  34. Complete sequence, gene arrangement, and genetic code of mitochondrial DNA of the cephalochordate Branchiostoma floridae (Amphioxus). Boore, J.L., Daehler, L.L., Brown, W.M. Mol. Biol. Evol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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  37. Ribosomal genes in Physarum polycephalum: transcribed and non-transcribed sequences have similar base compositions. Steer, W.M., Molgaard, H.V., Bradbury, E.M., Matthews, H.R. Eur. J. Biochem. (1978) [Pubmed]
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