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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phosphate-activated glutaminase in the crude mitochondrial fraction (P2 fraction) from human brain cortex.

The kinetics and other properties of phosphate-activated glutaminase have for the first time been studied in the crude mitochondrial fraction (P2 fraction) from human brain. The enzyme is for unexplained reasons inactivated postmortem. The enzyme activity decreases by storing the tissue or homogenate at 37 degrees C. The inactivation is not caused by formation of a dialysable inhibiting compound. No large proteolytic degradation has occurred, since the phosphate-activated glutaminase-like immunoreactive band did not disappear during the storage. The molecular weight of the subunit of the enzyme as determined by immunoblots of sodium dodecyl sulfate-treated homogenates from human brain is estimated to be approximately 64 K. The enzyme has been shown to have a pH optimum of 8.6; it is activated by phosphate, inhibited by glutamate, and partially inhibited by ammonia. Double-inverse plots of enzyme activity against phosphate are concave-upward, and more so in the presence of an inhibitor. The inhibition by glutamate appears to be noncompetitive with the substrate glutamine, and competitive with the activator phosphate. These kinetic properties are not significantly different from our earlier observations concerning phosphate-activated glutaminase from pig brain and pig kidney.[1]


  1. Phosphate-activated glutaminase in the crude mitochondrial fraction (P2 fraction) from human brain cortex. Svenneby, G., Roberg, B., Hogstad, S., Torgner, I.A., Kvamme, E. J. Neurochem. (1986) [Pubmed]
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