The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Carbon 13 NMR studies of saturated fatty acids bound to bovine serum albumin. II. Electrostatic interactions in individual fatty acid binding sites.

13C NMR chemical shift results as a function of pH for a series of carboxyl 13C-enriched saturated fatty acids (8-18 carbons) bound to bovine serum albumin ( BSA) are presented. For octanoic acid bound to BSA (6:1, mol/mol), the chemical shift of the only FA carboxyl resonance (designated as peak c), plotted as a function of pH, exhibited a complete sigmoidal titration curve that deviated in shape from a corresponding theoretical Henderson-Hasselbach curve. However, FA carboxyl chemical shift plotted as a function of added HCl yielded a linear titration curve analogous to those obtained for protein-free monomeric fatty acid (FA) in water. The apparent pK of BSA-bound octanoic acid was 4.3 +/- 0. 2. However, the intrinsic pK (corrected for electrostatic effects resulting from the net positive charge on BSA) was approximately 4.8, a value identical to that obtained for monomeric octanoic acid in water in the absence of protein. For long-chain FA (greater than or equal to 12 carbons) bound to BSA (6:1, mol/mol), chemical shift titration curves for peak c were similar to those obtained for octanoic acid/ BSA. However, the four additional FA carboxyl resonances observed (designated as peaks a, b, b', and d) exhibited no change in chemical shift between pH 8 and 3. For C14.0 X BSA complexes (3:1 and 6:1, mol/mol) peaks b' and a exhibited chemical shift changes between pH 8.8 and 11.5 concomitant with chemical shift changes in the epsilon-carbon (lysine) resonance. In contrast, peaks c and d exhibited no change and peak b only a slight change in chemical shift over the same pH range. We conclude: the carboxyl groups of bound FA represented by peaks a, b, b', and d were involved in ion pair electrostatic interactions with positively charged amino acyl residues on BSA; the carboxyl groups of bound FA represented by peak c were not involved in electrostatic interactions with BSA; the similarity of the titration curves of peak c for BSA-bound octanoic acid and long-chain FA suggested that short-chain and long-chain FA represented by peak c were bound to the same binding site(s) on BSA; bound FA represented by peaks b' and a (but not d or b) were directly adjacent to BSA lysine residues. We present a model which correlates NMR peaks b, b', and d with the putative locations of three individual high-affinity binding sites in a three-dimensional model of BSA.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities