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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Influence of tryptophan loading on urinary excretion of anthranilic acid and 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid by men and women as determined by alkali flame ionization gas chromatography.

A gas chromatographic method with alkali flame ionization detection is described for the determination of urinary total (free and conjugated) anthranilic acid (AA) and 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (HAA) as their pentafluorobenzyl esters. Prior to analysis, urine was hydrolysed using hydrochloric acid in a boiling water bath. The highest AA and HAA yields were obtained with 4 M hydrochloric acid and a hydrolysis time of 4 h. The coefficients of variation of the between-run analyses of AA and HAA at the endogenous level were 7.2 and 5.8%, respectively. The average recovery for both substances was 84%. The method described has been used to study the excretion of AA and HAA in the urine of healthy males and females before and after an oral load of tryptophan. Furthermore, the influence of oral contraceptives has been investigated. Results indicate that for both sexes the excretion of AA in the urine was higher than that of HAA, except after tryptophan loading. The excretion of AA by women was higher than by men. For HAA, the results of both sexes were comparable. Furthermore, for neither of the sexes was a diurnal variation of AA or HAA observed. After tryptophan loading, the formation of HAA was increased by more than that of AA. Results obtained for women on oral contraceptives indicate a hormonal-induced inhibition of AA formation.[1]

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