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MeSH Review

Flame Ionization

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High impact information on Flame Ionization


Biological context of Flame Ionization


Anatomical context of Flame Ionization


Associations of Flame Ionization with chemical compounds


Gene context of Flame Ionization

  • The determination of several triazines, organophosphorus pesticides, sulfur containing compounds in tap water was performed by SPE-GC using polymer-packed precolumns and flame ionization (FID), nitrogen-phosphorus (NPD) or flame photometric (FPD) detection [18].
  • Retention and detector response factor data have been given for 188 compounds on the DB1 capillary column using a dual nitrogen--phosphorus and flame ionization detection system [19].
  • Incubation of a urine sample in the presence of ascorbic acid, glucuronidase and acylase and subsequent extraction with ethyl acetate precedes derivatization to trimethylsilyl compounds, capillary gas chromatographic separation and flame-ionization detection [20].
  • The separation was carried out on an OV-1 quartz capillary column, 15 m x 0.32 mm (0.52 microm), with high-purity nitrogen as carrier gas and flame ionization detector (FID) as detector [21].
  • A reaction-capillary gas-chromatographic procedure using photo-ionization (PID) or flame-ionization (FID) detection was developed for the determination of sodium monofluoroacetate (compound 1080), a pesticide, in tissues and baits [22].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Flame Ionization


  1. Effect of glycerol and hyperosmolality on intracranial pressure. Pitlick, W.H., Pirikitakuhlr, P., Painter, M.J., Wessel, H.B. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. (1982) [Pubmed]
  2. Method for analysis of polar volatile trace components in aqueous samples by gas chromatography. Pettersson, J., Roeraade, J. Anal. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  3. Measurement of felbamate by wide-bore capillary gas chromatography and flame ionization detection. Rifai, N., Fuller, D., Law, T., Mikati, M. Clin. Chem. (1994) [Pubmed]
  4. Analysis of butter fat triacylglycerols by supercritical fluid chromatography/electron impact mass spectrometry. Kallio, H., Laakso, P., Huopalahti, R., Linko, R.R., Oksman, P. Anal. Chem. (1989) [Pubmed]
  5. Separation and quantitation of molecular species of plant phosphatidylcholine by high-performance liquid chromatography with flame ionization detection. Norman, H.A., St John, J.B. J. Lipid Res. (1986) [Pubmed]
  6. A simplified gas chromatographic method for quantifying the sevoflurane metabolite hexafluoroisopropanol. Morgan, S.E., Frink, E.J., Gandolfi, A.J. Anesthesiology (1994) [Pubmed]
  7. Rapid GLC determination of fusaric acid in biological fluids. Fung, K.K., Koda, R.T., Maronde, R.F., Cohen, J.L. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences. (1976) [Pubmed]
  8. Rapid, sensitive determination of unchanged promethazine in biological material using a nitrogen-selective flame ionization detector. Identification of metabolites by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Reddrop, C.J., Riess, W., Slater, T.F. J. Chromatogr. (1980) [Pubmed]
  9. Formic acid excretion in comparison with methanol excretion in urine of workers occupationally exposed to methanol. Yasugi, T., Kawai, T., Mizunuma, K., Horiguchi, S., Iwami, O., Iguchi, H., Ikeda, M. International archives of occupational and environmental health. (1992) [Pubmed]
  10. Micromethod for determination of meperidine in plasma. Evans, M.A., Harbison, R.D. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences. (1977) [Pubmed]
  11. GLC analysis of hydrocortisone, triamcinolone acetonide, and desonide in culture media of mouse and human dermal fibroblasts using flame-ionization detection. Au, D.S., Runikis, J.O., Abbott, F.S., Burton, R.W. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences. (1981) [Pubmed]
  12. A fatal diazinon poisoning. Poklis, A., Kutz, F.W., Sperling, J.F., Morgan, D.P. Forensic Sci. Int. (1980) [Pubmed]
  13. Gas-chromatographic determination of cholesterol sulfate in plasma and erythrocytes, for the diagnosis of recessive X-linked ichthyosis. Muskiet, F.A., Jansen, G., Wolthers, B.G., Marinkovic-Ilsen, A., van Voorst Vader, P.C. Clin. Chem. (1983) [Pubmed]
  14. Analysis for underivatized theophylline by gas-chromatography on a silicone stationary phase, SP-2510-DA. Schwertner, H.A. Clin. Chem. (1979) [Pubmed]
  15. Quantitative gas-chromatographic flame-ionization method for chloramphenicol in human serum. Least, C.J., Wiegand, N.J., Johnson, G.F., Solomon, H.M. Clin. Chem. (1977) [Pubmed]
  16. Nervonic acid versus tricosanoic acid as internal standards in quantitative gas chromatographic analyses of fish oil longer-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid methyl esters. Shantha, N.C., Ackman, R.G. J. Chromatogr. (1990) [Pubmed]
  17. Simultaneous determination by capillary gas chromatography of organic acids, sugars, and sugar alcohols in plant tissue extracts as their trimethylsilyl derivatives. Adams, M.A., Chen, Z., Landman, P., Colmer, T.D. Anal. Biochem. (1999) [Pubmed]
  18. On-line trace-level enrichment gas chromatography of triazine herbicides, organophosphorus pesticides, and organosulfur compounds from drinking and surface waters. Pico, Y., Louter, A.J., Vreuls, J.J., Brinkman, U.A. The Analyst. (1994) [Pubmed]
  19. Use of dual-column fused-silica capillary gas chromatography in combination with detector response factors for analytical toxicology. Perrigo, B.J., Peel, H.W., Ballantyne, D.J. J. Chromatogr. (1985) [Pubmed]
  20. Determination of nine catecholamine metabolites and 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid in urine by capillary gas chromatography. de Jong, E.B., Horsten, B.P., Goldschmidt, H.M. J. Chromatogr. (1983) [Pubmed]
  21. Determination and pharmacokinetic study of 1-p-(3.3-dimethyl-1-triazeno) benzoic acid in cancer patients by capillary gas chromatography. Li, A.Q., Zhao, X.L. Biomed. Chromatogr. (2001) [Pubmed]
  22. Determination of sodium monofluoroacetate (compound 1080) in tissues and baits as its benzyl ester by reaction-capillary gas chromatography. Hoogenboom, J.J., Rammell, C.G. Journal of analytical toxicology. (1987) [Pubmed]
  23. A simple gas-liquid chromatographic method with electron capture detection for the determination of progesterone in the blood of humans and domestic animals. Fehér, T., Fehér, K.G., Bodrogi, L. J. Chromatogr. (1975) [Pubmed]
  24. Effect of acute ethanol administration on toloxatone pharmacokinetics in rabbits. Kaltenbach, M.L., Vistelle, R., Hoizey, G., Lamiable, D., Zbierski, L. Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
  25. A simple method of sample preparation for analysis of biphenyl residues in citrus fruit peels by gas chromatography. Anklam, E., Müller, A. Zeitschrift für Lebensmittel-Untersuchung und -Forschung. (1994) [Pubmed]
  26. Measurement of plasma fentanyl concentration: comparison of three methods. Phipps, J.A., Sabourin, M.A., Buckingham, W., Strunin, L. Canadian Anaesthetists' Society journal. (1983) [Pubmed]
  27. Rapid mass screening and confirmation of urinary amphetamine and methamphetamine by gas chromatography. Jain, N.C. Clin. Toxicol. (1975) [Pubmed]
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