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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Bile duct stones: percutaneous transhepatic removal.

Percutaneous transhepatic intervention for transduodenal removal of biliary stones was performed 38 times in 34 patients with obstructive jaundice, biliary colic, and cholangitis. The technique entailed the percutaneous transhepatic placement of a modified Dormia basket in the common duct with the flexible tip in the duodenum. The stones were passed into the duodenum and were crushed, or were crushed in the common duct and passed as fragments into the duodenum. In addition to the snare procedure, monooctanoin was used 18 times to dissolve remaining fragments of stone and sludge that could not be snared and passed into the duodenum. The average time for completion of the procedure was 10 days. There were no deaths from the procedure. The complication rate was 21%--probably no greater than would occur with surgery in a similar patient population. The procedure can be performed when endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and sphincterotomy with stone removal is technically impossible or refused, and in patients who have previously undergone choledochojejunostomy.[1]


  1. Bile duct stones: percutaneous transhepatic removal. Clouse, M.E., Stokes, K.R., Lee, R.G., Falchuk, K.R. Radiology. (1986) [Pubmed]
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