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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid in subcellular fractions of rat brain.

The presence of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) in synaptosome-enriched fractions of rat brain was ascertained using a GLC technique. The stability of GHB in synaptosomes was evaluated by addition of various gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transaminase (GABA-T) inhibitors, GHB, or ethosuximide to the homogenizing medium. Furthermore, changes in whole brain GHB levels were compared with those in the synaptosomal fraction in animals treated with GABA-T inhibitors, GABA, or ethosuximide. GHB was present in synaptosome-enriched fractions in concentrations ranging from 40 to 70 pmol/mg of protein. There was no evidence for redistribution, leakage, or metabolism of GHB during the preparation of synaptosomes. The elevations of whole brain GHB level associated with GABA-T or ethosuximide treatment were reflected by a parallel increase in synaptosomal GHB content. These data add to the growing evidence that GHB may have neurotransmitter or neuromodulator function.[1]


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