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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Regional differences of reactivity to stimulants in the dog portal tree.

We studied the regional differences both of reactivity to various stimulants and of neurogenic responses elicited by transmural stimulation in the longitudinal and circular muscles of the truncal portal vein, mesenteric vein, splenic vein and gastric vein of the dog portal tree. Strong spontaneous activity appeared in the longitudinal muscle of the truncal portal vein (96% of preparations tested). Weak spontaneous activity sometimes appeared in the circular muscle of the truncal portal vein (41%) and rarely in the longitudinal muscle of the mesenteric vein (12%). It did not appear in other segments. The splenic vein and the gastric vein showed similar patterns in the relationship between resting tension and response to noradrenaline; that is, the responsiveness of either longitudinal or circular muscle of these two veins increased and then decreased almost parallel as resting tension increased and reached a maximum under the same resting tension. The longitudinal muscle of both the truncal portal vein and the mesenteric vein was more responsive to noradrenaline, acetylcholine, histamine and KCl than the circular muscle; for example 2.02 and 1.44 times more responsive to noradrenaline, respectively. On the other hand, the longitudinal muscle of the splenic vein and the gastric vein responded less well than the circular muscle; for example 0.36 and 0.16 times as responsive to noradrenaline, respectively. Acetylcholine and histamine caused marked contractions which were comparable to those elicited by noradrenaline in the longitudinal muscle of the truncal portal vein. Acetylcholine also elicited similar contractions in the longitudinal muscle of the mesenteric vein but the responses induced in preparations of other segments were small.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]

References

  1. Regional differences of reactivity to stimulants in the dog portal tree. Fujii, K., Fujiwara, M., Kumada, K., Kurahashi, K., Usui, H. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1987) [Pubmed]
 
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