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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Close link between reduction of c-myc expression by interferon and, G0/G1 arrest.

It has recently been reported that c-myc is an inducible gene, regulated directly by growth signals which promote proliferation and expressed in a cell-cycle dependent manner. Because various leukaemic cell lines express high levels of c-myc messenger RNA, it was of interest to discover whether the gene could be down-regulated in these cells by a growth inhibitor such as interferon ( IFN). We show here that in Daudi Burkitt's lymphoma cells, IFN-alpha produces a five- to sevenfold reduction in c-myc mRNA through a decreased rate of c-myc gene transcription. By isolating a growth-resistant Daudi cell variant that had escaped from this down-regulation, we provide the first clear link between reduction of c-myc mRNA and the IFN-mediated G0/G1 arrest characteristic of Daudi cells. Furthermore, by screening other cell lines, we demonstrate the heterogeneity of human leukaemic cells with respect to these criteria. Thus, IFN-alpha fails to reduce the c-myc mRNA and to change the cell-cycle distribution in HL-60 and U937 cells, although normal induction of other IFN-regulated activities takes place. The latter group of cells shows a decline in c-myc gene expression when they become arrested in the G0/G1 phase as part of their terminal differentiation.[1]


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